How to Make a Terrarium - A Simple Guide

Have you ever wondered how to make a terrarium and bring a mini-green oasis into your home?  It's a really cool way to bring a bit of the outdoors inside, and guess what? It's pretty easy and super satisfying too! Whether you're a seasoned plant lover or just starting out, this guide's got you covered. We'll show you step-by-step how to put together an amazing terrarium – think of it like a mini living artwork that'll light up your room!

Essential Components of a Closed Terrarium

First things first, let's talk about what you'll need. Your shopping list should include a glass container (with a lid), soil, clay pebbles, activated charcoal, and, of course, your choice of plants and moss. The container you choose plays a critical role in the health and aesthetics of your terrarium. Consider the size and shape based on where you plan to place it and the type and size of plants you want to include. Ensure the container is clear glass for optimal sunlight exposure. Once you've got all your materials, you're all set to embark on your terrarium adventure.

Terrarium kits for beginners

 Browse range of terrarium kits for beginners here.

Laying the Foundation: The Drainage Layer

The first step in making your terrarium is to create a drainage layer at the bottom of your container. This layer will help prevent water from pooling at the bottom and causing root rot.  Begin by placing a layer of clay pebbles at the bottom of your container. This will create a space for any excess water to drain away from the plant roots.

Potting Soil

Now, it's time to add the soil. This is where your plants will root and flourish. Choose a high-quality soil that's appropriate for the plants you've picked. Firstly, add half of the soil you plan to use in your terrarium,  spreading it evenly across the container, and smoothing it out without compacting it too much.

Adding Activated Charcoal for a Healthy Environment

Now let's add some activated charcoal. This part is important for keeping your terrarium healthy. Think of the charcoal as a secret weapon—it's great at soaking up any yucky smells and filtering the water as it cycles in your terrarium, keeping your ecosystem fresh and clean. Just sprinkle a nice, even layer over the soil, and there you go – you're all set for the next step! Then, add the other half of the soil to the glass. 


terrarium plants


Plant Arrangement: The Creative Part

Now comes the really enjoyable part – choosing and arranging your plants. When selecting plants, ensure they are suitable for a closed terrarium. Once you've picked your plants, it's time for the creative part. Plan how you'd like to arrange them inside your terrarium. Carefully take the plants out of their pots, give their roots a gentle shake to loosen them up, and then nestle them into your terrarium. Take your time to experiment with the layout until it looks just right, making sure they’re snug in the soil. After you've arranged the plants, add bun moss or carpet moss to create a stunning landscape inside the glass. If you fancy, you can also decorate your terrarium with decorative elements such as gravel, pea shingle, or rocks. Once everything looks perfect, give your plants a gentle watering to welcome them to their new home.

Enjoy Your Slice of Nature

Congratulations! You've just stepped through the delightful journey of creating your very own terrarium. Not only have you brought a piece of nature into your home, but you've also crafted a living, breathing work of art. Remember, each terrarium is unique, reflecting your personal touch and the specific needs of the plants you've chosen.

As you watch your mini ecosystem thrive, take pride in the knowledge that you've nurtured a small world. Don't hesitate to experiment with different plants or decorations as you become more comfortable with terrarium maintenance. 

We hope this guide has sparked a lasting passion for terrariums in your heart. Whether you're making one for yourself or as a thoughtful gift for a friend, the joy of creating and caring for a terrarium is an experience that keeps on giving. Share your terrarium stories and successes with us, and let's continue to grow our green thumbs together!


Ready to start but don’t have the supplies? Our all-in-one DIY terrarium kits have you covered!